5 Ultimate Health Related Fitness Components
People have been aware of the benefits coming from physical fitness with the introduction to the pandemic. Prioritizing fitness has been a key goal among people these days. But before diving into the world of physical fitness one must be aware of the health-related fitness components. It is highly advisable to reach out to the physical trainer and get your fitness plan ready before beginning your fitness journey.
How many health related fitness components are there
There are 5 components of health-related fitness. Health-related fitness components are a classification of physical fitness apart from skill-related fitness components. These are a complete package that helps the individual in bettering their physical fitness and wellness. By engaging oneself in physical activities on regular basis one can reduce chances of getting chronic diseases. Here are the 5 components of health-related fitness;
- Cardio-Respiratory Endurance
- Body Composition
- Muscular Strength
- Muscular Endurance
Let’s take a look at them one by one.
Cardio-respiratory or Cardio-vascular endurance refers to the respiratory system’s ability to supply an ample amount of oxygen to the organs. In order to improve this endurance, one needs to perform those fitness activities which elevate the heart rate but up to a safe level. This is a level-up process where one has to start slow and then keep on intensifying. Activities like running, jogging, and swimming helps in improving cardio-respiratory endurance.
It refers to the range of motion around the joint areas. One desires to have a flexible body so that they can perform not just the various fitness activities but also daily life activities. Maintaining flexibility is not an easy task though as it requires a lot of effort. There are complex stretching exercises along with gymnastics and yoga which help in achieving flexibility. Joints with better flexibility can also be remedial in prevention from injuries.
Body composition is nothing but the ratio of the fat-free mass vs fat mass present in the body. It also constitutes the amount of muscle, bone, fat, and other parts of the body while calculating. A high level of fat mass can cause hazardous diseases like diabetes, heart-related disease. Hence, regular exercises are pretty much essential to maintain this ratio.
It refers to the amount of force a group of muscles or muscle can apply. The sole aim is to make the entire muscle stronger. In order to achieve this feat, muscles are worked against some resistance. These resistances could be in terms of gravity or some weights. The most common exercise for attaining muscular strength is weight training.
It is the ability of muscles to contract under some given resistance. The best example to understand this would be long-distance cyclists. To continuously pedal their bicycles for an enormous distance, they need to have a fatigue-resistant muscles. Their legs and glute area need to have muscular endurance. Another similar example of muscular endurance would be plank exercise. The most important factor over here is up to which extent someone is ready to push their resistance training. It solely depends on the individuals and their fitness goals.
Benefits of Health-related fitness components
Being physically fit helps an individual to improve their quality of life. A healthy lifestyle can be adopted by a person from any age group, and it has the following benefits coming out of it;
- Helps is improving major body organ’s functionality like the heart and lungs. It helps in increasing the amount of oxygen reaching the organs present in the entire system.
- Helps in toning of muscles and enhancing the energy levels of individuals.
- Health-related fitness components also help in ensuring quick recovery after an injury.
- It reduces the risk of many cardiovascular diseases such as Asthma, Heart Attacks, etc.
- It also helps in reducing stress and anxiety levels which is a very common problem nowadays.
- For someone who is starting their fitness journey quite early, it helps them develop good posture and proportionate body figure.
- It helps in controlling or reducing undesirable cholesterol levels among people.
- One who follows fitness will surely avoid any sort of fatigue and also have an improvement in their recovery cycle after rigorous fitness activities.
- Fitness components also make sure that an individual is quite easily able to defy the aging process.
Physical fitness should always be a motivation for people who want to live a carefree life. There are numerous examples of people who have beaten long-term illness by maintaining discipline. Also, it is highly advisable to have a warmup and cool-down activity, before and after the workout. So, this shows us the importance of health-related fitness in our day-to-day lives.
Health-related fitness examples
Any fitness activity begins with a warm-up exercise which is generally a low-intensity exercise. A person can start by performing some stretching exercises. This helps to slowly get the body into the rhythm of exercises. Warming up also helps in preventing any injuries or damage to tissues and muscles while performing physical activities.
Aerobic exercises are the best examples of health-related fitness. These exercises help in developing cardio-respiratory endurance and also shred out extra calories. Yoga and stretching are an example of activities which helps in improving flexibility. The intensity of exercise also determines its impact on the individuals. Also, at the beginning stage of the fitness journey, only light or moderate level physical activities are recommended. Here are a few examples of such activities;
- Bicycling at a lower speed
- Water Aerobics
- Ballroom Dancing
- Brisk Walking
Once the person becomes comfortable in performing these activities the intensity is thus increased. Few examples of high-intensity health-related fitness activities are;
- Jogging and Running
- Jumping Rope
- Bicycling at a slightly higher speed
- Swimming Laps
- Hiking with or without weights
Furthermore, people also focus on muscle strengthening exercises. These are activities to be performed with intense care and regular intervals. These activities do not come under aerobic exercises. Here are a few examples of muscle-strengthening exercises;
- Weight Training
In the end, one must have a habit of performing cooling-down activities after their regular exercises. It helps in preventing the rate of blood pressure from suddenly dropping. After vigorous physical activities, it is always good to have a cool-down period. The person must move for a few moments under the heart rate and breathing comes down to normal.
Health-related fitness components are like a cheat sheet for a person who wants their overall body development. It is not just going to make one muscular but also helps in developing endurance in them. It not just makes them attain high flexibility but also maintains body composition. People can have body fat to body mass ratio by understanding their physical health and condition. And, if we leave all of these aside for a moment, it also helps in having a proper balance, agility, and coordination in the body.
So, if you are someone who is trying to set their fitness goals, do not forget to include these components in your list. Keeping track of all of them and understanding them in depth will surely help you in attaining your fitness goal much quicker. Stay Hungry, Stay Agile!